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An Environment for Productivity: 7 Tips for Decorating Your Home Office

Whether you started remote working in 2020 due to the global pandemic, have always worked from home, or looking to have an office space to relax in, how you decorate your home office can have a dramatic impact on your productivity levels.

Your environment plays a role in how you feel and focus. Too much clutter and things going on around you can cause distractions and lead to increased stress. Even the color choice on the walls plays can impact how productive you are.

Design the perfect home office that supports a productive and focused atmosphere. Your Corporate Business Solutions consultants have seven tips to help you out.

Give Yourself Enough Space

Chances are, you’ll spend quite a bit of time in your home office. So, give yourself enough space to work comfortably. Don’t toss a desk in a closet-like room to preserve space in the house, especially if there’s a perfectly fine guest room that rarely gets used.

Let in Natural Light

Again, think about how much time you’ll spend in your office. Imagine how you’ll at the end of the day if you’re in a packed room with no natural light. Eventually, that will take its toll. Having natural light not only brightens up the room for work, but research has shown that it helps create a productive atmosphere.

Set Up Your Office in a Realistic Way

Although a setup may look aesthetically appealing, is it actually practical for when you’re working? If you have to get up frequently to grab something across the room or have a desk with no storage, is it serving its purpose? Set up an office that works for you.

Spend the Money on a High-Quality Chair

Your office needs to be as comfortable as possible, and one of the most critical aspects around that is your desk chair. Maybe you’re tempted to buy something cheap because it’s just a chair. However, you’ll quickly realize that’s a big mistake.

Since you spend hours sitting at your desk, having an ergonomic chair helps support your body and keep you from getting too sore.

Think About Your Wall Colors

Another design element that doesn’t seem like a big deal is the wall colors. Before you slap on a coat of expensive paint, think about how the color could affect your mood. Certain colors help promote a happy, energetic, and productive feeling, while others can promote sleepiness.

Decorate with Minimalistic in Mind

When decorating your office, less is often more. Having many items all over may seem cute at first, but too many of them can end up feeling cluttered. If t you’re sacrificing desk space for picture frames and other knickknacks, it’s time to eliminate a few of them. Remember, your home office is a space for work, not storage.

Keep It Clean

The most important tip to take away when designing your home office is to keep it clean. Many of our recommendations focus on the atmosphere and feeling of the room. That is because if you decorate in a way that makes you uncomfortable, why would you want to spend time in the room?

Use these seven tips to help you design and decorate the perfect home office for you.

6 Tips to Help You Effectively Work From Home

Working from home is not as easy as many like to think. There’s the image that working from home means you can get up whenever you want, work at your leisure from your pajamas, schedule daytime appointments, and that it’s a luxurious lifestyle. While that may be true for some, it isn’t always the case.

The truth is that working from home can be just as difficult, sometimes more difficult than going to the office.

When you’re at an office for work, you’re less likely to get distracted by your surroundings as you could at home. You have your working hours that are not to be disrupted. For those who work from home, many quickly find the distractions are too much to stay focused. It’s easy to fall out of routine and ultimately fall behind in work.

Your Corporate Business Solutions Consultants understand the challenges of working from home. Since that has become the norm for many individuals, we have six tips to help you effectively work from home.

Keep Your Regular Working Hours

One of the best things you can do for yourself is to keep your regular hours. Don’t fall into the trap of sleeping in and doing work whenever you please. Instead, keep your regular schedule you would typically have if you went to an office.

Plan Out Each Day

Planning becomes more essential to stay focused when you’re at home. Start your morning off with a few minutes of planning what you need to achieve. It’s the perfect thing to do while you’re enjoying your morning coffee.

Have a Separate Workspace

If you think that you’ll be fine working at the kitchen table with everything else around you, there’s a good chance it won’t happen. Although for some, the household distractions don’t bother them, and they have no issue working anywhere in the house. For the majority, though, that separate workspace is significant. It’ll help you stay organized and keep things quiet so you can work efficiently.

Separate Your Work Life and Personal Life

A challenge many people face is the overlapping of work and personal time. When the two start to intertwine, you’ll find yourself working in the evenings and on weekends. You end up feeling like you’re always working and never have time off. So, by keeping your work life and personal life separate, it allows you to turn off your work mode so you can enjoy the other aspects of your life.

Give Yourself Breaks

It doesn’t matter where you work. You need to take breaks. Studies have found that when you take breaks in your day, it actually can boost productivity and creativity. Not only that, but for your mental health, those breaks give you a chance to destress and compose yourself before heading back to the job.

Dress for Success

As tempting as it is to stay in your pajamas while working from home if you want to be the most effective, dress for the day. When you’re wearing sweats and a baggy t-shirt, how do you usually feel? Likely like you want to relax the day away. Instead, when you put on clothes that you normally would for work, it can bring you into the productive mindset you need for the day.

As many people around the world continue to work from home this year, use the above tips to help you stay productive for a successful day of work.

6 Entrepreneurial Skills You Should Master Right Away

Anyone can be an entrepreneur if you think about it. If you have an idea, a plan, and the means to make it work, you could become an entrepreneur.

Just because you can be one doesn’t mean you’ll be successful at it.

Successful entrepreneurs have particular skills that they’ve either mastered or are highly developed. It’s these types of traits that drive them to push the boundaries and reach every goal they set out.

At CBS-CBS.com, we know how important it is to have the resources to get you where you want to be. That is why we created a list of the top six entrepreneurial skills you’ll want to master right away.

Time Management

As an entrepreneur, you’re wearing multiple hats in a day. If you struggle to manage your time efficiently, you’ll become overwhelmed with all of your tasks. You may even miss important deadlines and meetings.

Many small business owners starting still have a full-time job on top of their startup. Everyone has the same 24 hours in a day. It’s up to you in how you use them.

Determination and Motivation

Entrepreneurs rarely walk away from what they started because it didn’t work the first, second, even fifth time. Instead, they take what they learn, apply it to a new strategy, and continue to persevere. They are determined.

Having determination allows you to take on challenges head-on to reach their goals. It’s also their determination that motivates them to stay the course.

Marketing and Social Media

You’ll spend a lot of your time marketing your business; otherwise, how will people know you exist?

The marketing world is challenging to maneuver. That is why this is an essential skill to develop quickly to help your business succeed.

Customer Service

At some point, you’ll have to handle customers and clients. Maybe, later on, you’ll hire someone to do that for you. However, as you start, you’ll take on the role of customer service.

Handling customers is more than merely talking to them. It’s a unique skill to have under your belt. It’s these skills that help put out fires and keep upset clients coming back happy.

Ready to Learn

Although this may not seem like a skill, entrepreneurs must keep learning no matter what.

Successful entrepreneurs set aside their pride and admit when they need more education on a subject. Not only that, they learn from every discussion, failure, success, and hiccups they have on their journey.

Ability to Listen

The ability to listen is a considerable skill one needs as an entrepreneur. It is this skill that wraps everything together.

Whether it’s through interactions with customers, employees, or a potential business partner, you need to spend time listening to them speak. Give people a chance to speak and respond in ways that keep the conversation on the topic, rather than turning it back to you.

Having the ability to listen is a deceivingly tricky skill to master. Individual responses may seem fine to you but are offensive or condescending to someone else. Practicing empathetic listening will be a tremendous asset to know.

Add these six skills to your to-do list as an entrepreneur. As you develop them and continue to grow, watch how they change the way you think, listen, speak, and work.

6 Tips to Stay Organized as a Small Business Owner

There are many skills a small business owner has that aid in the success of their business. From perseverance to communication, each ability provides value to you and your business.

One of those skills is organization.

Companies must stay organized. Lack of organization often leads to issues, missed dates, and potentially losing out on clients and sales. No business wants to go through this.

Improve your organizational skills to be the best small business owner you can be. Our Corporate Business Solutions consultants have six tips to help you improve your organizational skills.

Plan Your Days and Weeks in Advance

Planning is the key to stay organized. It’s a way to know what you need to accomplish and by when. A good tip is to spend the first few moments of your workday planning out what your priorities are, what’s next up, and what are things you’d like to achieve but can wait. Don’t forget to plan out later in the week to see upcoming appointments and deadlines.

Planning takes us into our next tip…

Prioritize Your To-Do List

Everyone can benefit from prioritizing their lives. When you prioritize, you’re putting the pressing matters at the top of your list. These are the items you have to get done that day.

If you think about it, why would you spend hours working on a project that isn’t needed until next week if you have a deadline coming up in a couple of days? Once you complete the priority items, then you can make your way to the other tasks.

Declutter Your Office and Desk

A cluttered space isn’t doing you any good. Although there’s a mentality that a cluttered office is a sign of a busy person, it isn’t a sign of proper organization.

Having a clean working space not only looks good and allows you to work smoothly, but it’s also a way to ease stress and keep you motivated.

Label Storage and Folders

Have you ever spent more time than needed looking for a particular file? Even if it’s 30 extra seconds browsing through each folder to find the one you need, that adds up in a year. Not only that, but it also adds more stress to your life.

Help keep essential documents organized by labeling storage containers and folders. Spending a few extra minutes setting up will save you time and stress down the road.

Learn About Time Management

Time management is a crucial element of staying organized. You can plan everything out correctly, but if you don’t manage your time, that plan won’t help you much.

Managing your time efficiently helps boost productivity, efficiency, organization (think less scrambling around), and makes your life overall less stressful.

Use Cloud-Based Services

Are you still stuck with things like paper receipts? Unless you’re good at filing them right away, consider software that takes a snapshot of the receipt and stores it virtually. It’s a way to reduce clutter and keep your finances organized.

Cloud-based services are an excellent way to keep employees linked together. You can have calendars that select people to see and edit, or have a running document with tasks to achieve in the week.

Staying organized is an essential task of managing a business. Without it, even the smallest task can quickly become overwhelming and cause problems.

Master your organizational skills to keep you and your business successful and stress-free.

Can I Avoid Intellectual Property Theft?

Most businesses these days are highly reliant on knowledge and innovation to beat their competition and, thus, achieve success. In many cases, their IP (Intellectual Property) is the asset that is most valuable to them, and so, it’s considered to be extremely sensitive information.

Intellectual Property comes in many types. It includes trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, and patents. While some intellectual property is protected by federal and state laws, such as innovations, formulas, media products, music, web content, and technological advances, other types are not.

Since the protection of the intellectual property is an extremely complex area, it’s important to seek professional advice. This is where Corporate Business Solutions can help, by offering assistance and guidance about how to avoid the possibility of intellectual property theft.

What Is Intellectual Property Theft?

When someone steals assets such as those mentioned above, it is known as intellectual property theft. The potential outcome of such thefts includes economic damage, a slowing down of business growth, and loss of the company’s competitive edge. It’s easy to see, then, that IP theft is a major concern for any business, and statistics show that world economies lose billions every year due to intellectual property theft in a range of categories such as pirated software, patent infringement, and counterfeit goods.

There are some misconceptions that small businesses don’t fall victim to intellectual property theft. Yet, this isn’t the case at all. Actually, the Netwrix IT Risk Report shows that small and mid-sized businesses are more vulnerable than enterprises to intellectual property theft.

The Most Commonly Experienced Intellectual Property Theft Scenarios

Some of the most common IP theft scenarios include:

  • Human error – if employees lose a device, accidentally send a file containing company secrets outside their business network, or share confidential information with an unauthorized party, intellectual property theft can occur.
  • Malware infiltration – malicious software allows criminals to steal intellectual property by attacking company computer networks.
  • Privilege abuse – employees may exploit their own access to company files and sensitive information by committing economic espionage.

How Can Companies Protect Themselves From IP Theft?

Organizations still aren’t doing enough to protect themselves from IP theft. They tend to underestimate risks that their employees present and even fail to put security basics in place. Therefore, several practices are recommended to improve security in this respect:

  • Gaining greater visibility of sensitive data – when companies know precisely what sensitive data they have and exactly who has access to it, they can build a stronger security system.
  • Establishing a policy for data security – this policy will define how any security threat is addressed, specify the controls that are necessary to mitigate security vulnerabilities in the IT system, and define a plan for recovery if an intrusion into the network occurs.
  • Monitoring of employee activities – even when employers trust their workers, it’s important to acknowledge they still represent a major threat. Critical mistakes can easily be made, so establishing monitoring processes of user behavior is essential.
  • Providing employee training – when employees have poor cybersecurity awareness, the chances of intellectual property loss are greater. Establishing a comprehensive training program for workers based on their access level and the role is important to ensure that misunderstandings are avoided.

Intellectual Property – An Important Driver Of Growth And Competitiveness

It’s clear that intellectual property is vital for driving a business’s growth and competitiveness, and therefore it must be a key element in any security strategy. Building strong lines of defense requires involvement throughout the company at every level and putting clear security policies in place surrounding the protection of sensitive data couldn’t be more important to minimize risks.

 

Business Analytics And The Manufacturing Industry – An Expert Guide

Many of the latest business trends like vertical integration, margin pressure, and globalization have forced manufacturers to look for innovative, new ways of boosting their performance and improving their decision-making processes. This is where business analytics can prove helpful. Traditionally, the manufacturing sector has been quite slow in the adoption of analytics. Yet, now, it has begun to leapfrog other industries through the application of business analytics to a broad spectrum of business areas, from supply chain and finance to product development and marketing.

Now that external and internal data is exponentially expanding, and insights-driven by data has become a strategic necessity, it’s no wonder that many manufacturers have been tempted to launch analytics initiatives across their enterprises that try to analyze and capture all aspects of their business. Yet, taking an all-encompassing approach is risky, time-consuming, and expensive. Therefore, as Corporate Business Solutions consultants say, it’s a better idea to focus analytics on targeted areas to produce optimal results.

Why Do Business Analytics Matter To The Manufacturing Sector?

Analytics provides actionable insights to support any company’s key business decisions directly. Which products have yielded a lower margin? Which suppliers have been more disruptive to production processes? How does the landscape look when it comes to competitive sales incentives? How is it possible to manage and predict the levers driving sales revenue?

Products, typically, lie at the heart of any manufacturing business. Therefore, the first analytics wave is usually focused on improving the development of those products. Other common areas of focus include management of the marketing and sales spend, optimization of the chain of supply, reduction of warranty spend, and improvement of financial management overall.

Analytical insights in those key areas can have major impacts on the manufacturer’s performance. They can also potentially deliver impressive returns on the business’s analytics investment. Not only that but by using business analytics, it’s possible for new revenue models to be enabled that have been designed around the sale of services rather than solely products.

What Are The Advantages Of Business Analytics For The Manufacturing Sector?

Analytics provides an edge over any manufacturer’s competition by revealing new opportunities for the improvement of efficiency through the product’s lifecycle. This allows the company to spread the cost of innovation across various product lines so margins can be boosted.

Also, with business analytics, the link becomes clearer between investments in analytics and business decisions that can deliver improved performance and results. In the manufacturing industry, this is particularly important, since many organizations use the federated business model, with multiple relatively independent business units. Responsive, flexible, and agile analytics provide insights that are forward-looking enough to aid the organization in the more effective management of its resources.

By taking a focused analytical approach, results can be produced that are more relevant than when taking the enterprise-wide approach. Not only that but it’s also cheaper and swifter to implement.

How Can Manufacturers Benefit From Business Analytics?

It’s clear that business analytics has great potential to improve your manufacturing company, giving you a greater competitive advantage within the marketplace. Yet, it isn’t a sure thing. You’ll need to take the correct approach to achieve the results you seek. The best way to do this is to seek advice from experts in the field and Corporate Business Solutions are here to help.

Struggling With Your Business Instagram Game? 6 Tips to Optimize Your Profile

It’s no secret that for a business to succeed, you most likely need to have a social media presence. Consumers typically search online for a company before going there, and their social media account often is the first to pop up.

Instagram has become a top priority for many companies and their marketing strategy. Posting pictures and behind-the-scene videos of the company can do wonders in promoting what you’re doing.

Don’t miss out on more opportunities by not having an Instagram account. You’ll be surprised by how much it can provide for you.

At Corporate Business Solutions Consultants, we have six points to optimize your Instagram profile for a successful social media strategy.

Choose a High-Quality Profile Picture

Don’t make the mistake of thinking your profile picture doesn’t matter, because it really does. You want something that represents what your brand is. If you have a logo, that is always a good place to start.

The profile picture should speak to who you are. That way, when someone sees that photo somewhere on their feed, they know right away it’s you without looking at your name.

Not only that, make sure the picture is high-quality and not pixelated.

Put Descriptive Words in Your Bio

The bio on your profile is a place for your creativity to shine. Have some fun with it (while still being professional and relevant to your business).

Add keywords that relate to your company. You don’t have a lot of space, so spend some time narrowing down what your business is to a few short lines.

Instagram also added the use of hashtags and tagging other profiles. This is something you should take advantage of. Adding hashtags allows people to follow those related to your brand.

Make Your Own Hashtag

While you’re at it, create your own hashtag for your company. The great thing about hashtags is that anyone that uses them in a post, you’ll be able to see those photos and videos. If you make a hashtag for your business, customers can follow it and get all of the related content in one spot.

Add Your Website

Chances are you have a website for your business. If you don’t, you need to invest in one. Websites are critical for consumers to get valuable information before deciding if they like your business.

Your Instagram profile has a spot for websites that you’ll want to add. Once you have that, you can use their analytics to track how many people use that link to visit your website.

Keep Things Tidy

Because of the limited space on your profile, try to keep it as tidy as possible. Having paragraphs of words or filling it with nothing but emojis can get distracting and hard to follow.

Your profile is meant to be short, sweet, and to the point. So, add line breaks and keep your sentences short. Utilize emojis, but watch that you don’t go overboard.

Incorporate a Call to Action\

Having a call to action is always a good idea. A call to action helps prompt viewers to perform an action you want them to do. For example, if you have something on your website you want people to see, tell them to click on your website link.

The above six points can help get you on the path of having a killer Instagram profile that stands out. Make your account successful. Spend time creating a solid, relevant and creative profile.

4 Exit Planning Steps To Get Your Business Prepared

A lot of business owners know they should have an exit plan in place, but fail to develop one. This is a major problem. All owners should ensure they have a plan for exiting their business in place from the start of their enterprise.

With an exit strategy in place, you’ll be able to keep your business moving in the right direction since you’ll be aligning constantly with the long-term goals you’ve set. An exit strategy also ensures there’s a trigger event to signal the time has come to get out. Without one, you’ll just carry on without ever knowing when the time has come to stop.

There is one thing to note, though. Your exit strategy will certainly change with time, so it has to be reviewed often. Writing down your exit strategy then re-reading it and reviewing it every 6 months to make updates is the best solution.

With this in mind, the team at CBS-CBS.com outlines these simple steps to help prepare your business exit strategy.

1. Sourcing A Buyer

One thing that many business owners fail to consider is how to find a buyer for their company. A lot of owners just naturally assume somebody out there will be interested in purchasing their business, but this is a big mistake. In fact, only a quarter of all saleable companies exit.

One critical element of your exit strategy is to keep a list of prospective buyers. They may be businesses or individuals who have shown an interest previously in buying the business. They may even be competitors who have an interest in acquiring the business once the time has come.

2. Reoccurring Revenue

Revenue represents a key element of a business exit strategy. It isn’t only about the amount of revenue you have, it’s also about the form it takes when it arrives. Subscription-based services and products producing predictable and reoccurring revenue present an attractive proposition to prospective buyers.

Automatically billing in advance is a wise strategy. If all revenue has been set up to be recurring payments, your business will be an extremely attractive option for purchase.

3. A Strong Pattern Of Growth

A business that has displayed strong patterns of growth will be attractive to potential buyers. Predictable and steady financial growth couldn’t be more important. As long as erratic growth swings can be avoided, some tips that are explained easily won’t affect your business’s appeal to purchasers.

4. Standard Procedures Of Operation

If your business doesn’t have a written set of operating procedures, developing them now is vital. Your business should reach the point where should you have a sudden accident and be unable to run your operation yourself, the company would be able to carry on running with no disruptions. Detailing everything from your core values, management practices, mission, vision, and execution strategy to your marketing and sales plans will ensure that prospective buyers have no difficulty in taking over your business.

Every small business owner will have to exit at some future point, and it’s foolish to assume somebody will be ready to buy it when the time is right. If you follow these four steps, you’ll have the best chance of making a successful sale once you’re ready to make the move.

Would Selling Your Company To Its Employees Be A Good Exit Strategy?

If you’ve built up a successful business, deciding whether or not to sell it is a difficult choice to make. Yet, every business owner must have their exit strategy firmly in place.

You’re sure to already know the classic exit strategy options – finding strategic buyers, an equity sale, or possibly going public for a larger small business. Some owners decide that they’ll just wind down their business entirely. There is, however, a different option – the ESOP or Employee Stock Ownership Plan. This could be the perfect exit strategy if you want your business to stay rooted in its locality and its staff meaningfully employed.

What Is An ESOP?

In simple terms, an ESOP is a tool that can be used by a retiring business owner to sell their company to its employees. They are becoming more popular worldwide thanks to the many benefits that they provide. The Corporate Business Solutions team will explain some of those advantages here.

A Flexible Timeline For Exit

Everyone knows that most Baby Boomers aren’t retiring when they get to 65 anymore. They enjoy working and are happy to carry on as long as they remain in good health. This trend looks set to continue for many more years to come since more people today are seeing their work as an extension to their personal life.

ESOPs allow business owners to carry on playing an important role in their business, but with added flexibility to begin reducing their value within it by transferring value to its employees. With a long transition period, the owner can educate and mentor key people to take over their new roles.

Not only does an ESOP enable a more flexible departure, but it also enables owners to start accessing their retirement capital via the liquidity of transferred shares to employees.

Getting Money Out

Every exit plan hinges on being able to turn the business as an illiquid asset into cash. For your employees to purchase shares in the company, it has to be valued professionally at FMV (Fair Market Value).

As long as the company is currently profitable and looks set to continue in that vein, your employees are unlikely to mind paying fair prices for share. Although some owners believe their employees won’t be able to afford to purchase their company, they find many different financing tools are available that facilitate the process.

Lasting Legacy

Studies have shown that a lot of owners of small businesses end up regretting the sale of their company a short while after the deal is closed. Some even regret the decision when they got the price they wanted for the sale.

A major reason for regretting the decision is that their exit plan has failed to address issues such as legacy and succession. For a lot of business owners, it’s very important to be reassured that the values and culture they put in place will carry on once they have left.

An ESOP helps to ensure the business moves forward with those people who have already shared the owner’s values and vision. More importantly, research has shown that ownership by employees also results in better business outcomes such as improved engagement, retention, and productivity.

Would An ESOP Suit Me?

Not every business owner will find employee stock ownership the right solution since it requires a willingness for financial information to be shared and a more participative management style. However, for those business owners who are keen to have a more flexible timeline for their exit, to obtain a fair price for their sale and a way of leaving their legacy intact, the idea of an ESOP is certainly worth exploring.

Will A Facilitator For Strategic Planning Help Your Business?

Planning strategy planning sessions for your business can be a real challenge, and that’s why a strategic planning facilitator could prove to be indispensable. When you need some specialist support and advice, a facilitator can come to the rescue, helping you to get the most out of each session.

How can a facilitator be helpful? Corporate Business Solutions consultants outline just a few of the reasons why.

A Facilitator Will Enable Your Contribution And Participation

Rather than leading a planning session, a facilitator will enable you to participate. You cannot participate fully in any session if you’re leading it, so this is a major benefit. A facilitator is also an expert in their field. They have developed a process that maximizing the effort and time you put in and know which questions to ask to produce optimal results. While it’s technically possible to lead your strategy meetings, it’s best not to take any risks with the future of your organization.

Getting To The Heart Of The Matter

As a facilitator is neutral they can ask tough questions on your behalf without any misconceptions or expectations. Even if you think the questions they ask are irrelevant or pointless, these questions often get right to the heart of what is most important. As a facilitator is coming in from outside, they can ask the perfect questions at the perfect time and in the perfect way to ensure the success of your business.

Having someone to lead your organization through the strategic planning process who is neutral is vital to getting your business to the place it needs to be. Your choices won’t impact the facilitator and that means they’re able to approach sessions without any bias.

Setting The Tone

A facilitator will set the tone for a planning meeting and can show you’re committed and serious about strategy development. It shows you’ve made not only a financial commitment but also an emotional commitment to ensuring the session gives your company the best possible level of value.

It isn’t easy to manage a planning session and its facilitation if you’re trying to involve yourself in the conversation too. A facilitator will put pauses into the discussion at strategic moments while controlling the agenda to ensure the best possible outcome for the team.

People Management

Facilitators are used to managing people with all kinds of personalities. It’s their special skill and they use it to ensure there is balanced conversation throughout the session. They ensure everyone can offer their contribution and that it’s as easy as possible to move on with your strategy.

A facilitator can also act as a catalyst to keep things moving forward and getting change initiatives underway. They help to move the organization forward more quickly, rather than living with legacy conversations and decisions that never seem to get dealt with.